Advantages and Disadvantages of Hormonal Contraception or Birth Control Pills

Advantages and Disadvantages of Hormonal Contraception or Birth Control pillsIn 1960, the U.S. FDA gave its initial approval for the world’s first commercial birth control pill. Since then, hormonal contraception has become widely used, with a 99% success rate in avoiding pregnancy. However, there is more to know about hormonal contraception besides its effectiveness.

In this article, Women’s health specialists at Manvi Hospitals Andhra Pradesh will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the benefits and drawbacks of this birth control method, so that you can make a knowledgeable decision if you are considering using hormonal contraception. 

The Advantages of Hormonal Birth Control

Hormonal contraceptives utilise man-made versions of two female sex hormones: a progestin (progesterone medication) and estrogen, to prevent pregnancy.

To this day, Harmonal contraception continues to be a popular birth control option for several reasons, including:

  1. Decreased menstrual bleeding and cramping, which in turn reduces the chance of developing Anemia 
  2. Reduced pain during ovulation
  3. Decreased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  4. Decreased risk of fibrocystic breast changes
  5. Lower risk of ectopic pregnancy, where a fertilized egg grows outside the uterus
  6. Reduced risk of ovarian cysts and also ovarian and endometrial cancers
  7. Potential relief of endometriosis symptoms, where the tissue that usually lines the uterus grows outside of it
  8. No need for interruptions in intercourse 

The Disadvantages of Hormonal Birth Control

Like any other form of birth control, hormonal contraception has some drawbacks, including:

  1. Pills must be taken daily.
  2. Progestin-only pills can lead to more irregular periods or spotting.
  3. It may lower your HDL (good) cholesterol levels.
  4. If you had gestational diabetes during pregnancy, it may increase your risk of developing diabetes.
  5. Patches can lose their effectiveness when exposed to direct sunlight or high heat.
  6. Patches release more estrogen than low-dose birth control pills, increasing the risk of deep vein thrombosis, a blood clot in the legs, or formation of thrombus in brain and other parts of the body.
  7. It may result in bone loss (osteoporosis). 

Moreover, hormonal birth control pills may not be suitable for everyone. For instance, if you are over 35 years old and a smoker, you should avoid birth control that contains estrogen, but you can use progestin-only pills.

You should avoid using combination pills if you have a history of blood clots, breast cancer, heart attack, migraines with aura, uncontrolled high blood pressure, or severe diabetes or liver disease. Additionally, you should not use progestin-only pills if you have a history of breast cancer, certain types of lupus, kidney disease.
Before deciding on hormonal contraception, it is important to consult with your gynaecologist about your health history to determine if it is the right choice for you.

Hormonal Contraception in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh 

Manvi Hospitals is home to the best obstetricians and gynaecologists in Andhra Pradesh, trained and experienced physicians who understand the importance of patient information. And are committed to providing useful information about sexual and reproductive health and care so that our patients can make the best decisions.

Schedule a consultation with our top obstetricians and gynaecologists today. Call us at 9391176126 or book an appointment through Manvi Hospitals website. 

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